Co-benefit Clean Development Mechanism

During the Kyoto Conference on Climate Change 16-18 February 2007, I presented a willingness of the city of Surabaya to improve environmental quality within Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) approach particularly for utilizing gas from waste landfill.

Looking at my presentation, several people contacted me to have further discussion regarding CDM implementation in Surabaya. I am lucky because I can meet several people who have very strong spirit for finding breakthrough in CDM process. Mr. Makoto Kato from Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center ( OECC ) Japan, spoke to me for having a small meeting to find out a breakthrough for CDM process. Then Mr. Kato asked Michie Kishigami from International Council of Local Environmental Initiative ( ICLEI ), Japan to join the meeting. The meeting included Hiro Mizoguchi from Kitakyushu and Kunihiro Ueno from Climate Experts Ltd.

We discussed to have a breakthrough for CDM. We need to define what is the terminology, how to do, and how do we start the co-benefit CDM. It is understood that co-benefit CDM is something new which is not recognized yet. So, it is agreed that the first step is developing terminology of co-benefit CDM. Appropriate terminology is needed to formulate strategies for preparation of co-benefit CDM. Next step is to develop methodology of co-benefit CDM in order to calculate of equivalent emission reduction of the measures taken.

We admit that our discussion is developing something complicated, it is not an easy thing. We agreed co-benefit CDM is a challenging issue. It needs consistent action, and strong commitment to go ahead. There are a lot of constraints and obstacles that we may have in dealing of this issue. We have to be able to convince many agencies that co-benefit CDM is another mechanism to speed-up promotion of emission reduction. I am aware that at this point I am not able to describe what should be done to start the co-benefit. However, we agreed that we should move-on to develop understanding amongst us. The show must go on !!. Fortunately, my colleagues from OECC and ICLEI Japan inform me that they will approach Ministry of Environment of Japan to obtain supports.

Surabaya and Kitakyushu is collaborating in solid waste composting. As the composting of solid waste reduces organic waste, so the amount of organic waste disposed at the landfill will be less. Therefore, methane gas from waste disposal site will be reduced. The collaboration between Surabaya and Kitakyushu is used as a potential co-benefit CDM. The collaboration is a good demonstration project to develop the co-benefit CDM. We have to be able to calculate emission reduction of solid waste composting. For this purposes, OECC will ask inputs from Kyoto Mechanism experts to formulate models in co-benefit CDM.

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