21 Actions of Urban Environmental Accords (..continue)

—– continue…


Action 13; Develop and implement a policy which expands affordable public transportation coverage to within half-a-kilometer of all city residents in ten years.

Action 14; Pass a law or implement a program that eliminates leaded gasoline (where it is still used); phases down sulfur levels in diesel and gasoline fuels, concurent with using advanced emission controls on all buses, taxis, and public fleets to reduce particulate matter and smog-forming emissions from those fleets by fifty percent in seven years.

Action15; Implement a policy to reduce the percentage of commute trips by single occupancy vehicles by ten percent in seven years.

Environmental Health

Action 16; Every year, identify one product, chemical, or compound that is used within the city that represents the greatest risk to human health and adopt a law and provide incentives to reduce or eliminate its use by the municipal government.

Action 17; Promote the public health and environmental benefits of supporting local grown organic foods. Ensure that twney percent of all city facilitaties (including schools) serve locally grown and organic food within seven years.

Action 18; Establish an Air Quality Index (AQI) to measure the level of air pollution and settle goal of reducing by ten percent in seven years the number of days categorized in the AQI range as “unhealthy”, or “hazardous”.


Action 19; Develop policies to increase adequate access to safe drinking water, aiming at access for all by 2015. For cities with potable water consumption greater than 100 liters per capita per day, adopt and implement policies to reduce consumptions by ten percent by 2015.

Action 20; Protect the ecological integrity of the city’s primary drinking water sources (i.e., aquifers, rivers, lakes, wetlands and associated ecosystems).
Action 21; Adopt municipal wastewater management guidelines and reduce the volume of untreated wastewater discharges by ten percent in seven years through the expanded use of recycled water and the implementation of sustainable urban watershed planning process that includes participants of all affected communities and is based on sound economic, social and environmental principles.

They are actions agreed in San Fransisco more three years ago.

After three years of the Urban Accords, where we are now?. How do our cities implement the accords. What are the success, what are the failure. Why do we fail, what are the constraints. How do we overcome the problems.

Where is Surabaya now ?.


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